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October 14, 2008
WATERCOLOR PAINTING JUST GOT EASIER FOR YOU
NO MORE TIME WASTING WITH TRIAL AND ERROR
SUPRISE YOUR CLOSE ONE'S WHEN THEY SEE YOUR PAINTINGS
IF YOU THINK YOU CAN PAINT OR IF YOU THINK YOU CANNOT PAINT YOU ARE RIGHT.
YOU CAN LEARN TO PAINT BEAUTIFUL WATERCOLORS.
HARMONY NEEDED RIGHT NOW!
The whole world could use a big dose of harmony right now.
Sadly I cannot help, except help my fellow artists to create "Harmony" in their Watercolor Paintings.
Colors and shapes have to work together at every stage of a Watercolor Painting development. We need harmony - No Rock and Roll in the middle of a Spanish Guitar rendering.
SIDEBAR:- The Royal Philharmonic Orchestra played the "Beatles Classics" without the vocal, unbelievable, wonderful music, pick-up a copy sometime.
Back to painting, no one color can "sing" more loudly than others or be a glaring shape. That's not to say the center of interest cannot be painting with little more pigment to emphasize where you want the viewer to look.
The road to color harmony starts with understanding the characteristics and properties of the colors on "YOUR" palette. Learn how to mix and match them so that they work for you. Learn to appreciate the full potential of every color and the effects each has on another.
We are going to go through this subject matter in depth. So that means starting at the basic's.
For those of you that are ready to skip, DON'T unless without hesitation you know the answer to this quick question.
On the value scale 1 to 10 (10 being the darkest) what value would you assign to a mid value Green and would Cadmium Red deep be placed to the left (lighter) or right (darker) side of the Green.
Primary colors are : Red, Blue, Yellow
Secondary colors are : Violet, Orange, Green (these are mixtures of two primaries).
Colors beside each other are called Analogous, colors opposite are called complementary. Black is opposite to White (Complementary).
Simple idea to quickly understand who is complementary to who.
1) Three primary colors, Red, Blue & Yellow.
2) Remove one color from the group say Red, leaving Blue & Yellow.
3) Mix the two, Blue & Yellow together the result is Green.
4) Green then is the opposite, complementary to Red. The color you removed in the first place.
Repeat step -2- this time Blue leaving Red & Yellow. Remove Blue.
Repeat step - 3 - Mix Red & Yellow = Orange.
Step - 4 - Orange is opposite to the color you removed - Blue. GOT IT?
Now do all the rest.
Tertiaries are: Yellow/ Orange, Red /Orange, Red /Violet, Blue /Violet, Blue/ Green, Yellow /Green. Mixtures of one primary and one secondary.
What is complementary to the following tertiaries?
Red/Orange - Ask yourself what is opposite to Red = Green. What is opposite to Orange = Blue. So, the complementary to a Red/Orange is a Green/Blue.
You may work all the others the same way (Red/Violet, Blue/Violet. Yellow/Green. Yellow/Orange).
TIP: Blue complements Orange - Volet complements Yellow - so Orange/Yellow is opposite to Blue/Violet.
You decide if and when you are going to fill your head with this stuff.
VALUE - THIS IS IMPORTANT
Value is the relative lightness of darkness of a color. Here is a value scale 1-7.
Every color is capable of a range from light to dark. Here are colors on a value scale 1-7.
Colors used #2 - Yellow, #3 - Orange, Red & Green #4, Blue- #5, Violet #6, Black #7.
Completely understand this
Value is a property of color, value and color are two separate subjects.
Colors can, and are, different from each other (for instance Red and Blue) can have the same value.
Yellow has the smallest value range, it is impossible to make a dark Yellow.
Blue has a big range, a very light hint of Blue all the way to dark, dark Blue.
It is difficult to paint a Yellow flower, you cannot make light tints and dark shadows.
But, Blue, Red you have a large range of values with those two colors.
Those last two written thoughts are very important, hope I made it clear
Yellow Rose is a lot harder to paint than say a Red one. Very little variations in value with Yellow, many with Red. Plan your values with a thumbnail sketch. Try to match colors to your value sketch.
Paint a value range for all the colors on your palette, using the above value scale, it would be better to make a large one yourself.
Knowing the value range of each color you have ,would start you seeing a great improvement in your work.
Values - This is what Judges look for a nice well thought range of VALUES (and the public don't know it but, know just a "feeling" that they have about your painting if it is all painted in the say the middle range. or any small range for that matter
What would you think of a piece for music played on a piano using say the middle two octaves Boring Boring that how viewers see your painting if you don't work on values
Judges in a competition are first and foremost looking for your understanding of values, NOT SUBJECT, NOT TECHNICALLY PAINTED WELL, NOT COLORS, these are secondary considerations. Values - Values, are number one item for a Judge (or should be).
WARM OR COOL.
Colors can be warm or cool, ever seen a book stating this is a cool color, this is a warm color, of course you have.
This is misleading. Warm or cool is only RELATIVE TO ITS NEIGHBOURS
Alizarin Crimson is a warm color. Well is it? Place Cadmium Red Light as a neighbour, it's now cool.
TEMPERATURE VARIATIONS OF RED.
Within any give Red color the warmest is the one with the most Yellow.
On the other hand you could say the coolest Red if the one with the most Blue
Cadmium Red Light (leans to Orange) has Yellow in it.
Alizarin Crimson (leans to Violet) has Blue in it.
Is'nt this getting easy.
TEMPERATURE VARIATIONS OF BLUE.
Cerulean Blue is cool as the Blues move towards Ultramarine Blue, they become warmer Ultra marine contains Red
MIXING IN SECONDARY COLORS.
COMING NEXT WEEK
Choose a color scheme. Mastering the contrasts of color.How light and atmosphere affect color
See you next Week Jim
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